*642180868* Aethelwulf of Wessex
- Fųdt: Omkr 795, Wessex, , , England
- Ęgteskab (1): *642180869* Osburgh
- Ęgteskab (2): *10274868993* Judith of Flanders den 1 Okt. 856 i Verberie, , Picardie, Frankrig
- Dųd: 13 Jan. 858 about age 63
- Begravet: Winchester Cathedral, , Hampshire, England
Ęthelwulf (Old English for "Noble Wolf"; died 13 January 858) was King of Wessex from 839 to 858. In 825, his father, King Egbert, defeated King Beornwulf of Mercia, ending a long Mercian dominance over Anglo-Saxon England south of the Humber. Egbert sent Ęthelwulf with an army to Kent, where he expelled the Mercian sub-king and was himself appointed sub-king. After 830, Egbert maintained good relations with Mercia, and this was continued by Ęthelwulf when he became king in 839, the first son to succeed his father as West Saxon king since 641.
The Vikings were not a major threat to Wessex during Ęthelwulf's reign. In 843, he was defeated in a battle against the Vikings at Carhampton in Somerset, but he achieved a major victory at the Battle of Aclea in 851. In 853 he joined a successful Mercian expedition to Wales to restore the traditional Mercian hegemony, and in the same year his daughter Ęthelswith married King Burgred of Mercia. In 855 Ęthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome. In preparation he gave a "decimation", donating a tenth of his personal property to his subjects; he appointed his eldest surviving son Ęthelbald to act as King of Wessex in his absence, and his next son Ęthelberht to rule Kent and the south-east. Ęthelwulf spent a year in Rome, and on his way back he married Judith, the daughter of the West Frankish King Charles the Bald.
When Ęthelwulf returned to England, Ęthelbald refused to surrender the West Saxon throne, and Ęthelwulf agreed to divide the kingdom, taking the east and leaving the west in Ęthelbald's hands. On Ęthelwulf's death in 858 he left Wessex to Ęthelbald and Kent to Ęthelberht, but Ęthelbald's death only two years later led to the reunification of the kingdom.
In the 20th century Ęthelwulf's reputation among historians was poor: he was seen as excessively pious and impractical, and his pilgrimage was viewed as a desertion of his duties. Historians in the 21st century see him very differently, as a king who consolidated and extended the power of his dynasty, commanded respect on the continent, and dealt more effectively than most of his contemporaries with Viking attacks. He is regarded as one of the most successful West Saxon kings, who laid the foundations for the success of his son, Alfred the Great.
Aethelwulf blev gift med *642180869* Osburgh, datter af *1284361738* Oslac og N. N.
Aethelwulf blev derefter gift med *10274868993* Judith of Flanders, datter af *20549737986* Charles (II.) (Den Skallede) of France og *20549737987* Irmentrude of Orléans, den 1 Okt. 856 i Verberie, , Picardie, Frankrig. (*10274868993* Judith of Flanders blev fųdt omkring 844 og dųde omkring 870.)